Sarah Carter, DPhil, MA

Post-Doctoral Research Fellow

Division of Biostatistics Research


Dr. Sarah Carter is a maternal and child health researcher and post-doctoral research fellow in the Department of Research & Evaluation. Her research interests include maternal and child health, childbirth intervention, health care access and availability, and the effect of environmental contexts on perinatal health outcomes. At Kaiser Permanente Southern California, she is working on studies concerning pre- and perinatal maternal health, environmental exposures in pregnancy, and child development.

Before joining Kaiser Permanente in 2021, Dr. Carter studied perinatal influences on health across the lifecourse at the Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, United Kingdom. As part of her doctoral research at the University of Southampton, she conducted analyses investigating the socioeconomic indicators of labor induction and cesarean section in the U.K.


Areas of Focus

  • Maternal and child health
  • Labor induction, epidural, and operative childbirth
  • Environmental and social influences on health
  • Health care systems and access to care


DPhil, Social Statistics
University of Southampton
Southampton, England
MA, Forensic Anthropology
California State University, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Honors and Awards

  • Economic and Social Research Council Advanced Quantitative Methods Studentship, University of Southampton